All About Primary Education: From Its Meaning to Its Benefits

Ms. Teena Chabbra
Aug 9, 2022

A child's future success is largely dependent on their ability to succeed in school in their early years. This is why elementary education has become a universal requirement in many nations. 

Character formation in children begins at a young age, laying the groundwork for a lifelong love of study. In addition, there are a few things crucial to understanding elementary education and how it affects children's development.

When searching for a school, many parents prioritise closer distance above a quality Tokyo international school. The school's proximity to the student's home should be secondary to other considerations. 

Some parents don't take the time to learn about the school's mission, programmes, and expectations. They want what's best for their children, but quality must always come first.

What is Primary Education?

Primary education, often known as elementary school, is the first level of formal education for the vast majority of students, following on from the informal experiences of early childhood and kindergarten but before the more advanced studies of middle and high school. 

In most countries, students begin formal schooling at the age of 6 in preparation for first grade and continue through the fifth grade by the time they are eleven years old.

It is the mission of the Japanese elementary school system to foster in its pupils the qualities of compassion, cooperation, and a global perspective. This may help them to become responsible global citizens.

Objectives of Primary Education

To succeed in a dynamic global economy, today's and tomorrow's primary school students must have the ability to synthesise and evaluate information, make sound choices, and effectively communicate.

Purpose of primary schooling 

We must provide our students with the skills necessary to succeed in a world increasingly interconnected and reliant on technology. Our educational system should prepare students for the challenges of the twenty-first century while upholding Indian cultural norms and values. 

The International primary curriculum has these fundamental goals:

● To establish his/her own identity.

● Civics instruction is a vital component of a well-rounded curriculum.

● Children's health and balanced growth.

● Advocating for students' holistic growth in all areas of their being at school and in the community.

● To prepare students for the challenges, rewards, and experiences of adulthood.

● Insist that there are additional abilities vital to children's and adults' well-being that must be developed alongside the more traditional pillars of education such as reading, writing, and arithmetic.

Importance of Primary Education 

1. Ethical Values

Teachers stress mutual respect for one another and their ideas alongside the standard curriculum. These are foundational to growth as a person, the formation of one's character, and the selection of a meaningful life path.

2. Social Skills

Children's earliest experiences interacting with a diverse group of people, including peers and adults, are often in school. They are thrust into an unfamiliar setting, where they may practise social skills like making friends and taking turns playing with others.

3. Physical Skills

Many popular sports, including football, basketball, cricket, and many more, are playing outside during school hours. As a result of all their newfound physical activity from running and playing, they will develop more quickly.

They begin to develop whole adult muscles. In addition, when kids are worn out from the day's activities, they have an easier time getting to sleep at a reasonable hour.

4. Skills to Read and Communicate

It is through primary education that the majority of students acquire their reading skills. It is widely agreed that reading is a beneficial activity for people of all ages, especially for kids. As a result, they are better able to stimulate their brains and remember what they read.

5. Building Confidence

When parents enrol their young children in primary schools, their children benefit from an encouraging classroom setting where the instructors have received enough preparation. They develop as learners in a safe and supportive setting, and they gain self-assurance thanks to the excellent education they receive.

6. General Growth

International primary schools promote students' overall growth. They learn to think outside the box, perform creative activities, play memory games, and acquire new talents and hobbies like sketching, painting, dancing, singing, and more.

Benefits of Primary Education

1. Better Knowledge and Behavioural Improvement

More than simply the basics of reading, writing, and mathematics are being taught to children before they enter school. When it comes to legal requirements, compulsory education begins with primary school.

2. Key to Personal Growth and Teamwork

A child's elementary school is their second home after home. They may play, learn, or do activities with peers. Engaging with children from varied backgrounds is vital for psychosocial development.

3. Raise Confidence

Building self-esteem in young children is one of the primary goals of preschool programmes. Children who have participated in preschool programmes have been shown to have more self-assurance than their counterparts who did not.

4. Enhances Cognitive Skills and Focus

Students learn to think critically, set high expectations, and handle technical obstacles. To fulfil these goals, schools create safe, orderly learning environments with effective teaching methods for primary students.

5. Improve One's Verbal Competence

Oral language skills grow between 3 and 5. Therefore, it is clear that exposing your kid to a classroom full of other students will help them develop better communication and reading skills.

6. Instils Free-thinking Quality Within Students

It's not only about getting good marks. For many kids, school is the first time they've had to deal with an authority figure who isn't a parent. Children learn to interact with others outside of their immediate family for the first time in school.

Curriculum for Primary Education

There are several curricula that each educational institute prefers to educate students. However, among them the Internationally acclaimed ones are:

1. IB Primary Years Programme

IB Primary Years Programme is a cross-disciplinary curriculum primary schools incorporate into the classroom to develop student's analytical and conceptual skills.


Specifically crafted to advance a comprehensive framework that guarantees students get enough time and attention in both academics and personal growth.

Both have their advantages and disadvantages. However, they aim for the same; to improve basic skills and enhance a student's cognitive ability. This helps students to cope with higher formats of education.

Teaching Methods for Primary Education

With primary school pupils, there is a wide variety of approaches you might use to teach. Since several approaches employ various resources and procedures to accomplish similar pedagogical aims, it is impossible to say whether or not one strategy will be helpful to a given set of educators.

Many educators thus strive to borrow elements from a variety of teaching methods at the primary level. They tailor their approach to the specific requirements of their pupils and the particulars of their classroom setting.

Here are a few of the methods that are commonly used by primary teachers:

1. Learning-Focused on the Instructor

Teacher-centred teaching is the most common style, with the basic premise being that the classroom should be managed by the instructor. Teachers run the show within the classroom and make sure everything runs well.

Students in this model sit at workstations in rows facing the instructor. While there is some opportunity for collaborative projects, the majority of class time is spent with the instructor providing direct instruction and assigning individual projects.

2. Learning in Small Groups

Teachers may use SGI to focus on individual students, revisit previously taught material, and assess their grasp of the material. 

It is one of the teaching methods in primary schools that revolves around the use of stations where students may engage in either teacher-led or self-directed work utilising a variety of tools and resources.

3. Constructivist, Student-Focused Approach

In a student-centred learning environment, students have a hand in every stage of the process, from preparation to evaluation. Involving students in these choices shifts the onus of accountability and ownership from the instructor to the students. 

4. Project-Based Learning

In project-based education, students learn through doing actual tasks. However, these are substantial assignments that require students to learn new material, do original research, assess sources, analyse outcomes, make judgments, work together, and much more.

5. Montessori

With this strategy, the instructor sets up the classroom such that students may freely choose from a variety of activities. Using "materials," or specially crafted items is also a key component of the Montessori approach to education.

6. To Learn Through Inquiry

Teaching methods for primary students include a learning process that exposes students to authentic scenarios and encourages them to ask thoughtful questions. This method provides several opportunities for fostering pupils' capacity for problem-solving.


Parents must not neglect their child's first school. School is where students learn new things, about life, socialise, establish communication skills, and gain confidence.

Parents also need to realise how primary schools are different from Preschools. The curriculum for primary schools is created to provide a well-rounded education, whereas preschools focus on acclimating children to the school setting and their new instructor.

No teaching methods for primary students are better than the other. However, many academics believe that student-centred learning improves learning. Hence, understand what your kid needs and choose wisely.


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Ms. Teena Chabbra

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