Japan School Holidays: Full Calendar for 2022

Dr. Heena Rachh
Aug 3, 2022
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Did you know that Japanese workers are known as the hardest working people, ranked 10th in the World? They work for the longest hours per week i.e., an average of 33-40 hours a week.

In spite of working hard, there are loads of public holidays enjoyed by the citizens. 

Here is a list of holidays observed by Japanese in a year? If you are planning your trip to Japan, know these public holidays so that you do not encounter crowded venues and booked-out hotels!

Also know how the Japan school holidays are planned and which are the most important holidays given to students. You will get all details in this article so do read further and get more information.

What is the Japanese School Year?

The Japanese school year is the same as any Financial year, beginning on 1 April and ending on 31 March divided into three terms with a break in between each term.

● 1st Term:- April to July 20th

● 2nd Term:- September to Dec 25

● 3rd Term:- Mid Jan to March

If you are planning to take school admission for your child in any of the best Japanese schools, make sure to check your child’s school holidays so that you can plan well for summer vacation in Japan. If you don't get any information, then you can contact school authorities (counsellors/ teachers) to get exact dates.

Most of Japan's Public or Private’s elementary and middle schools are closed on national holidays, Saturdays, and Sundays.

In Japan, people think spring is the best time to start anything new. Education is an important thing in any student’s life and Japanese schools consider spring to be the perfect time to begin the year. 

Spring is the time when cherry blossoms are in full bloom and to convey the new beginning of the year and the life of students, most schools have cherry blossom trees at the entrance of the school so that parents and children can take pictures entering school for the first time and cherish the memories.

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When does School Vacation in Japan Start and How Long Do They Last?

Private International Schools prepare their own calendar for school holidays by following the western timetable. The school year begins in August and ends in early June. 

How Long is Summer Vacation in Japan?

Public School:- Summer School Holidays:- End of July to End of August (30-40 days)

International School:- Summer Holidays:- June  to August (10-11 weeks)

How Long is Spring Vacation in Japan?

Public School and International School:- Spring holiday:- End of March to the beginning of April (2 weeks)

How Long is Autumn Vacation in Japan?

There is no autumn vacation for students in Public schools or International schools.

How Long is Winter Vacation in Japan?

Public School:- Winter holiday:- End of December to the First week of January  (2 weeks)

International School:- Winter holiday:- End of December to the Mid of January  (3 weeks)

Japan School Holidays 2022

Japan celebrates 16 public holidays all year along with the holiday period of Obon, New Year’s Shogatsu, and Golden Week where most of the businesses and stores are closed.

Japanese School Holidays and Events for (2022-2023)



Holiday Facts


March 3

This annual celebration is also known as the plum festival because plum trees bloom during this period. During this festival, Japanese people pray for the healthy growth of young girls.

Parents with young girls will put on display hina dolls from early February till March 3. Traditional Japanese foods such as hinaarare, chirashizushi, clear soup with clams and more are served to family members and guests.

White Day

March 14

One month after Valentine's Day, men on the same date give a treat to their women with a meal on White Day. The popular gifts on this occasion include marshmallows, candy, and cookies.

Mother's Day

May 8

Mother’s Day is observed all over the world on 8th May to show gratitude toward mothers. Japanese people prefer to give carnations as it symbolizes the purity of a mother’s love.

Father’s Day

June 19

Father’s Day is observed worldwide on June 19th, here people give yellow roses to their father as it represents self-sacrifice and friendship.


July 7

Tanabata also known as the star festival is held to celebrate the meeting of two separated lovers, Orihime and Hikoboshi on this date as they cross the Milky Way.

People write their wishes on strips of paper and hang them on the branches of a small decorative bamboo tree. The 3 biggest and most popular in the country are Sendai Tanabata Festival (Miyagi), Shonan Hiratsuka Tanabata Festival (Kanagawa), and the Ichinomiya Tanabata Festival (Aichi).

Day of the Ox

July 23

As per the ancient dating system, the Day of the Ox is observed 18 days before the summer date. So people celebrate the change of the season by cooking eel dishes.


August 13-16

Obon is one of the biggest holiday periods observed in Japan to show respect to one’s deceased elders and ancestors. During this time, fireworks are held throughout Japan which makes it really interesting and people get to see amazing views of the light shows. It is also the time people visit their hometowns to enjoy their long vacation with their families.


December 24-25

Even though it is not a public holiday, it is an extremely popular festival like all other countries. You will see the amazing vibe during this period due to colourful lights, Christmas trees, Santa Claus on roads, popular joints, malls etc.

People prefer fried chicken instead of turkey on this day and KFC, the popular joint, is overcrowded.

Public Holidays


Holiday Facts

New Year's Day

1 January

Like other countries, the New year is the holiday time in Japan. The Japanese “shogatsu” New Year period starts on January 1 and people celebrate the new year for several days or weeks as most companies have holidays.

Coming of Age Day

January 9

Coming of Age Day is celebrated every year on the 2nd Monday of January for those who have turned 20. The local government held “seijinshiki” festivals for all the new adults in the area, where they are seen in flamboyant kimonos or formal suits.

National Foundation Day

February 11

This public holiday is celebrated for the founding of Japan on February 11, 660 B.C. by Emperor Jimmu.

Vernal Equinox Day

March 21

This holiday marks the turning point of spring, however, the date is not fixed but is instead announced by the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan. It is celebrated to show gratitude towards nature and the ecosystems around us. Most people come for the spring vacation in Japan.

Showa Day

April 29

Showa day was earlier referred to as Greenery Day or the Emperor’s Birthday. Many businesses start their vacation from this day until Golden Week in order to have an extended vacation until early May.

Constitution Memorial Day

May 3

The first Constitution Memorial Day was observed on May 3, 1947 to commemorate the enacting of the Constitution of Japan. May 1-7 is observed as “Constitution Week,” and all the courtroom viewings and other activities are held this week to enlighten people about the constitution.

Greenery Day

May 4

On this day residents of Japan show gratitude to nature. Many national parks throughout Japan allow free entry on this day.

Children's Day

May 5

This holiday is observed by the residents for the healthy growth of their children. You will notice “koinobori” flags in the shape of carp around homes and parks, as they represent success and growth.

Many people follow the tradition to bathe in water filled with irises as it is known to purify the heart and body. Kashiwamochi and chimaki are popular foods eaten by people in the Kanto and Kansai region respectively.

Marine Day

July 18

Being an island nation, Marine Day is held on the third Monday of July to show gratitude to the ocean and people pray for the growth and development of the nation. As it is mid summer, many beaches are open for tourists to enjoy many water activities.

Mountain Day

August 11

This public holiday is celebrated to show gratitude to the mountains as the country is surrounded by ocean and crowded by mountains.

Respect for the Aged Day

September 19

This public holiday as the name conveys is celebrated to pray for long lives and show gratitude towards elderly people. Children and grandchildren give presents to their grandparents and those who have reached the age of 100 are gifted silver cups from the government.

Autumnal Equinox Day

September 2

This day marks the start of Japan's autumn holidays. It is also decided by the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan. On this day people hold memorial services for the deceased and visit graves and offer “ohagi,” a kind of mochi with anko beans inside.

Sports Day

October 10

This day is celebrated to commemorate the 1964 Summer Olympics held in Tokyo. On this day many schools and communities conduct athletic games to promote health through sports.

Culture Day

November 3

On this day the declaration of the Constitution of Japan was held. Culture day is celebrated to

promote culture, arts, and academic endeavours and to emphasise peace. You will get free admission to many museums, and other cultural centres on this day.

Labor Thanksgiving Day

November 23

This holiday is celebrated to promote workers’ rights and to mark the beginning of the harvest festival. Many supermarkets and restaurants provide free beer to show their appreciation to the people.

How to Spend School Holidays in Japan?

If you are planning a trip to Japan, then these are the peak seasons where you will get to enjoy lots of festivals and events.

Peak Time in Japan is between July and August as most of the schools have summer holidays and there are various numerous festivals and events held during that period. You will get to enjoy amazing fireworks during this period throughout the country.

You can utilise long vacation periods to enjoy your trip and at the same time get to know more about the cultures of Japan with the Golden Week, Obon, and Silver Week which are held in May, August and in mid-September respectively. If you want to enjoy winter vacation then New Year's time is the best.

Note:- Hotels are the most expensive during these times and you will get to see more traffic and crowds on roads, trains and popular tourist areas.

If you want to enjoy a longer vacation then do plan your holidays at the same time when other holidays are all lined up in the same week. You can take holidays in between the weekdays or during the weekend.

For eg:- Respect for the Aged Day, the Autumnal Equinox Day

If you want to avoid the peak season, then you can plan your holidays during spring or after the second Monday of January.


You must now have a better idea of all the public holidays and the school holidays. Now, you can plan better for your upcoming vacation or for your child’s admission to the Tokyo international school.


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Dr. Heena Rachh

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